Incheon (literally "kind river", officially the Incheon Metropolitan City) is a city located in northwestern South Korea, bordering Seoul and Gyeonggi-do.
The city has been a major trading port to China and other countries since Jemulpo port was built in 1883.
Nowadays Incheon is a major transportation hub in northeast Asia with the world renowned Incheon International Airport.
It is part of the Seoul Capital Area, forming the world's second largest metropolitan area by population of 2.9 million.
In 2003, the city was designated as Korea’s first free economic zone consists of the three regions of Songdo, Cheongna, and Yeongjong Island.
The zone is a specially designated area to create the most favorable business and living environment where foreign nationals can live and invest.
Songdo International Business District (SIBD) was officially opened on August 7, 2009 as a designated Free Economic Zone and
the first new sustainable city in the world designed to be an international business district.
Songdo IBD is also part of the LEED-ND (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design Neighborhood Development) Pilot Program that
focused on Smart Growth, Transit Oriented Development and Green Growth.
These include all the advantages of a master planned environment with open space and parks, an advanced technology infrastructure,
the architecturally-stunning Convensia Convention Center, fine hotels, international schools, museums, a luxury retail mall,
and the Jack Nicklaus Golf Club Korea.
Songdo Central Park
Songdo Central Park is the centerpiece of Songdo IBD's green space plan.
It serves to connect to various civic and cultural destinations by providing seawater canal with water taxi.
It also displays sculpture and artwork such as Tri-bowl.
Completed in October 2009, the Incheon Bridge is a six-lane bridge linking Yeongjongdo (where the Incheon International Airport is located) and Songdo International City.
Stretching over 2.38km, it is the largest and longest bridge in Korea.
The height of the main tower of the Incheon Bridge is 238.5m, which is as tall as the 63 Building in Seoul.
The British weekly magazine 'Construction News' published a special report in December 2005, praising the bridge as one of the 'Top Ten Architectural Wonders of the World'.
Yeongjongdo Island is home to the Incheon Bridge Memorial Hall, which opened in March 2010 and displays information about the Incheon Bridge, including construction methods/processes.
The four-story building has a nice observatory and cafe where visitors can look out over the bridge.
The memorial hall is gaining increasing popularity and is well worth a visit to Yeongjongdo.
Admission to the hall is free of charge.
Incheon China Town
Incheon Chinatown area came into being with the opening of the Incheon Port in 1883 and Incheon's designation as an extraterritoriality of the Ching Dynasty.
In the past, the area held many stores trading goods imported from China, but most Chinese businesses are now restaurants.
Today, the Chinese residents of Chinatown are mostly 2nd or 3rd generations of early Chinese settlers.
While not all traditional cultures of the first generation have been preserved, the area still harbors many of the flavors of China.
After Wolmi Island was zoned to be developed as a tourist attraction in 1918 by Incheon city, sea water baths, beaches, entertainment centers, Botanical gardens and other facilities were built to attract visitors from all over the place during the summer.
It was renamed as Wolmi park from Wolmi amusement park.
One attraction that can't be missed is Korea Traditional Garden District which holds the history of Wolmi Island.
Changdeokgung Palace Huwon's pond (Buyongji), the pond (Aeryeonii) full with lotus flower and the traditional Korean ancient architecture of Yangjindang are highlights of this place.
With sights like artificial waterfall, artificial pond, brook, rice paddy and etc, it feels like if we're on the time-travel to Choseon Dynasty Period.
Wolmi Park can be effectively used as a place for students' education and a healthy resting place for citizens.
Nestled in Mt. Eungbong in Incheon Metropolitan City, Jayu Park was first called Manguk Park and then Seo Park as the Japanese power became stronger.
During the colonial rule of Japan, there was another park called Dong Park (East Park), which was created and used as a shrine by the Japanese.
Jayu Park, or park of Freedom, has held its name ever since October 3, 1957 when a statue of General McArthur, who led the Incheon Amphibious Landing Operation during the Korean War, was erected at the summit of Mt. Eungbongsan.
The park offers spectacular views of downtown Incheon and its surrounding mountains, the port, and the sea.
More information can be found at
- - Korea Tourism Organization
- - Gateway to Korea
- - Incheon International Airport
- - Korea Immigration Service
- - Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade